Abu Bakrah reported: The Prophet, peace and blessings be upon him, said three times, “Shall I not tell you about the worst of major sins?” They said, “Of course, O Messenger of Allah.” The Prophet said, “They are to associate partners with Allah and to be disrespectful to parents.” The Prophet was reclining and he sat up, saying, “And surely to speak falsely.” The Prophet continued to repeat it until we wished he had stopped.
Source: Ṣaḥīḥ al-Bukhārī 2511, Ṣaḥīḥ Muslim 87
Grade: Muttafaqun Alayhi (authenticity agreed upon) according to Al-Bukhari and Muslim
I’m sitting here, in a hospital bed, listening to my heart rate monitor beep the seconds of the day away. As I realize that my health is declining and that I have more yesterdays than tomorrows, I wanted to remind us all to avoid sin.
Sin is slowly creeping into our everyday lives as a society; humanity is on the decline. What we would never have imagined allowing only a few short years ago is today’s norm.
We must turn away from sin. We must reject it. With the start of a new Islamic year, let us do just that: turn away from sin, and call others to do the same.
In Islam, one can be forgiven of sins through genuine tawbah (repentance), which means “to return.”
Ask your Lord for forgiveness, then turn back to Him.
— Qur’an 11:3
When we have violated another’s rights, ḥuqūq al-ʿibād, compensation is necessary to show that one has made amends.
When we offended or disobeyed God, ḥuqūq Allāh, repentance, remorse, and resolution are necessary to show that one is sincere and will not repeat the wrongdoing in the future.
According to Shaddad ibn Aws:
Shall I not how to seek forgiveness? O Allah, You are my Lord, there is no God but You; for You created me and I am Your servant; and I am upon Your covenant and Your promise as much as I am able; I seek refuge in You from the evil of what I have done; I acknowledge Your favours upon me, and I recognize my sins, so forgive my sins; verily, none can forgive sins but You.
— Sunan At-Tirmidhi, Book of Supplications, Number 3393, Hasan[
Search yourself, your thoughts, action, and inaction, what you have said, what you have thought. If there is sin, anything that goes against what Allah (swt) has given us, has allowed us, seeks Allah (swt) ‘s forgiveness and turns back to Him.
Do this today, as you never know how much time you truly have left.
What follows is from a book I’ve been reading while I rest and recover: Al-Kabair (The Major Sins).
From this book, I will list 33 of the gravest sins in Islam with their proof from the Quran and Hadith:
1. Associating partners with Allah (shirk): This includes the great ‘shirk’ and the small ‘shirk’. Great shirk constitutes worshipping beings other than Allah (evidence is available across the Quran). Hypocrisy is known as small ‘shirk’ (also known as Riya). The Prophet said, “Should I not inform you of that which I fear for you even more than the dangers of Dajjal? It is the hidden ‘shirk’: A person stands to pray and he beautifies his prayer because he feels the people looking at him”. (Sahih; Sunan ibn Majah)
2. Committing murder: (Quran, 25: 68)
3. Performing sorcery (Quran, 2: 102)
4. Not performing the prayers (Quran, 19: 59)
5. Withholding the Zakat (Charity) (Quran, 3: 180)
6. Breaking the fast of Ramadan or not fasting in that month without a valid excuse. Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) said, “Islam is built upon five pillars: testifying that there is no true god except Allah and that Muhammad (peace be upon him) is the messenger of Allah, performing the prayers, paying the zakat, Haj (the pilgrimage to Makkah), and fasting during the month of Ramadan” (Sahih al-Jami # 2837).
7. Not performing the pilgrimage when one has the ability to do so (above hadith).
8. Disobeying one’s parents (Quran, 17: 23) 9. Cutting off the ties of relationships (Quran, 47: 22).
10. Committing adultery or fornication (Quran, 17: 30).
11. Committing sodomy. The Prophet said, “Allah will not look at a person (with pleasure) who commits sodomy with a man or a woman” (Sahih al-Jami # 7678).
12. Taking or paying interest (Quran, 2: 275).
13. Devouring the wealth of orphans (Quran, 4:10)
14. Forging statements concerning Allah or forging Hadith (Quran, 39: 60)
15. Fleeing from jihad (battle in the cause of Allah) (Quran, 8: 16).
16. Wrongdoing, deception or oppression on the part of the ruler (Quran, 26: 42).
17. Being arrogant, boastful and vain (Quran, 16: 23).
18. Giving false testimony (Quran, 25: 72).
19. Drinking alcoholic beverages (Quran, 5: 90).
20. Gambling (Quran, 5: 90)
21. Slander against women (casting aspersions on their character) (Quran, 24: 23)
22. Misappropriating something from the booty (Quran, 3: 161).
23. Stealing (Quran, 5: 38)
24. Robbery (Quran, 5: 33).
25. Making false oath Prophet said, “If someone is ordered to take an oath and he takes a false oath in order to take possession of property of a Muslim, then he will incur Allah’s wrath when he meets Him” (Sahih al-Jami # 6083)
26. Committing oppression (Quran, 26: 277)
27. Levying illegal taxes. The Prophet said, “Do you know who the bankrupt is? The bankrupt form my nation is the one who appears on the Day of Resurrection having performed the prayers, fasted and paid the zakat, but had also abused that person, slandered that person, wrongfully taken the wealth of that person and spilled the blood of that person. These people will take from his good deeds. If his good deeds are thereby exhausted, he will be given their sins and then he will be thrown into the hell-fire” (Sahih al-Jami #87).
28. Consuming forbidden wealth or taking it by any means (Quran, 2: 188)
29. Committing suicide (Quran, 4: 29)
30. Being a perpetual liar (Quran, 3: 61)
31. Ruling by laws other than the laws of Islam (Quran, 5: 44)
32. Engaging in bribery (Quran, 2: 188)
33. Women appearing like men and vice-versa. The Prophet said, “Allah’s curse is upon women who appear like men and upon men who appear like women” (Sahih al-Jami # 4976)