I would like to begin by saying that I am not a scholar. I am simply someone who strives to please Allah (swt) and follow the Quran, Hadith and Sunnah. If my answer is wrong, I beg Allah (swt) to have mercy upon me and guide me to the correct answer.
I was asked, by a sister, if one would go to hell if they did not wear the Hijab.
I want to offer a bit of advice before presenting the answer found at ‘Islam Question & Answer.’
We live in a time where laws are being made to ban the Hijab. The most recent and shocking example of this is France, a nation that is home to the largest Muslim population in Western Europe.
Here, in the United States, depending on where you live, you may face hate, racism, and religious discrimination simply for wearing the Hijab.
‘I get looks,’ says Amina*, a resident of Atlanta. ‘It just looks, though. It has sparked some conversations about Islam which is great!’
Then, there is Kadijah.
‘There’s better places than [here],**’ says Kadija. ‘I been hollered at. One time had a guy try to snatch my Hijab right off me.’
My advice to you, and my answer is as follows:
Sisters are called to wear the Hijab. It is considered a major sin for not doing so. Yet, as you’ll see in the answer posted below, no one knows if Allah (swt) will condemn someone to hellfire for not wearing Hijab.
Sisters, I would advise you, if it is safe within your community to do so, to wear the Hijab.
If you do have reasons to fear for your safety, you are allowed to remove the Hijab. However, you need to dress modestly still as best you can.
On the other side of this coin, if there is no genuine fear, then you are not allowed to remove your Hijab.
I do want to say, if what you are facing is only mocking and hurtful words, then continue for the sake of Allah (swt). This sort of mocking attitude is typical.
Also, I would not take events in France and use those actions as an excuse to no longer wear Hijab if you live in a safe area.
As for the Sisters question, if one would go to hell for not wearing Hijab, only Allah (swt) knows for sure. I know that is not the clear-cut answer you were looking for. It is, however, the best answer I can give.
From Islam Question & Answer – https://islamqa.info/en/answers/7436/will-a-woman-who-does-not-wear-hijaab-go-to-hell
If a girl doesn’t wear hijab, does that mean she will go to hell? But what if she reads Salat, Quran regualrly, acts decently, doesn’t look at boys, doesn’t gossip/babckbite etc, will not wearing hijab condem her to hell despite all her good attributes?
Praise be to Allah.
First of all it is essential to know that Muslim men and Muslim women are obliged to follow the commands of Allaah and His Messenger, no matter how difficult that may be for people and without feeling shy of other people. The believer who is sincere in his faith is the one who is sincere in carrying out his duty towards his Lord and obeying His commands and avoiding that which He has forbidden. No believer, man or woman, has the right to hesitate or delay with regard to commands; rather he or she should hear and obey immediately, in accordance with words of Allaah (interpretation of the meaning):
“It is not for a believer, man or woman, when Allaah and His Messenger have decreed a matter that they should have any option in their decision” [al-Ahzaab 33:36]
This is the case with the believers who are praised by their Lord in the aayah (interpretation of the meaning):
“The only saying of the faithful believers, when they are called to Allaah (His Words, the Qur’aan) and His Messenger, to judge between them, is that they say: “We hear and we obey.” And such are the successful (who will live forever in Paradise).
And whosoever obeys Allaah and His Messenger , fears Allaah, and keeps his duty (to Him), such are the successful” [al-Noor 24:51-52]
Moreover, the Muslim should not look at how small or great the sin is, rather he should look at the greatness and might of the One Whom he is disobeying, for He is the Most Great, the Most High; He is Mighty in strength and Severe in punishment, and His punishment is severe and painful and humiliating. If He exacts vengeance on those who disobey Him, then utter destruction will be their fate. Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning):
“Such is the Seizure of your Lord when He seizes the (population of) towns while they are doing wrong. Verily, His Seizure is painful (and) severe.
Indeed in that (there) is a sure lesson for those who fear the torment of the Hereafter. That is a Day whereon mankind will be gathered together, and that is a Day when all (the dwellers of the heavens and the earth) will be present” [Hood 11:102-103]
A sin may appear insignificant in the eyes of a person when before Allaah it is serious, as Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning):
“you counted it a little thing, while with Allaah it was very great”
This matter is as some of the scholars said: “Do not look at the smallness of the sin, rather look at the One Whom you are disobeying.” We have to obey Allaah and do as He commands. We must remember that He is watching in secret and in public, and avoid that which He has forbidden.
With regard to belief, if a Muslim who prays commits some sins or bad deeds, he is still a Muslim so long as he does not commit any action which would put him beyond the pale of Islam or do any of the things which nullify Islam. This sinful Muslim will be subject to the will of Allaah in the Hereafter; if He wills He will punish him, and if He wills He will forgive him. If he enters Hell in the hereafter, he will not abide there forever. But no person can be certain as to his fate, as to whether the punishment will befall him or not, because this matter is known only to Allaah.
Sins are divided into two categories, minor and major. Minor sins may be expiated for by prayer, fasting and righteous deeds. Major sins (which are those concerning which a specific warning has been narrated, or for which there is a specific hadd punishment in this world or torment in the Hereafter) cannot be expiated for by righteous deeds. Rather the one who commits such sins has to repent sincerely from them. Whoever repents, Allaah will accept his repentance. There are many kinds of major sins such as lying, zinaa, riba (usury/interest), stealing, not wearing hijaab at all, and so on.
Based on the above, we cannot say for certain whether a woman who does not wear hijaab will enter Hell, but she deserves the punishment of Allaah because she has disobeyed His command to her. With regard to her specific fate, Allaah knows best what it will be. We cannot speak about things of which we have no knowledge, because Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning):
“And follow not (O man, i.e., say not, or do not, or witness not) that of which you have no knowledge. Verily, the hearing, and the sight, and the heart of each of those ones will be questioned (by Allaah)” [al-Israa’ 17:36]
It is sufficient deterrent for the Muslim whose heart is aware to know that if he does a certain action he will be exposed to the punishment of his Lord, because His punishment is severe and painful, and His Fire is hot indeed.
“The Fire of Allaah, kindled,
Which leaps up over the hearts” [al-Humazah 104:6-7]
On the other hand, for the woman who obeys her Lord’s commands – including observing complete hijaab – we hope that she will enter Paradise and attain the victory of salvation from the Fire and its torments.
It is strange indeed that a woman whose character is good, and who prays and fasts and does not look at boys, and avoids gossip and backbiting, does not wear hijaab. If a person really achieves these righteous deeds, this is a strong indication that she loves goodness and hates evil. Let us not forget that prayer prevents immorality and evil, and that good deeds bring more of the same. Whoever fears Allaah concerning his nafs, Allaah will support him and help him against his nafs. It seems that there is much goodness in this Muslim woman, and she is close to the path of righteousness. So she should strive to wear hijaab as her Lord has commanded her. She should ignore the specious arguments and resist the pressures of her family. She should not listen to the words of those who criticize her, and she should ignore the specious arguments of those sinful women who want to make a display of themselves according to fashion, and she should resist the desires of her own self which may tempt her to show off her beauty and feel proud of it. She should adhere to that which will afford her protection and modesty, and rise above being a mere commodity to be enjoyed by every evil person who comes and goes. She should refuse to be a source of temptation to the slaves of Allaah. We appeal to her faith and her love for Allaah and His Messenger, and we urge her to observe the hijaab enjoined by Allaah and to obey the commands of Allaah (interpretation if the meanings):
“and not to show off their adornment” [al-Noor 24:31]
“and do not display yourselves like that of the times of ignorance, and perform As Salaah (Iqamat as Salaah), and give Zakaah and obey Allaah and His Messenger”[al-Ahzaab 33:33]
And Allaah is the Source of strength and the Guide to the Straight Path.